Member of SSN Steering Committee; Clinton Rossiter Professor of American Institutions, Department of Government, Cornell University; Fellow of the Century Foundation
Expertise & Civic Involvements
Mettler’s current research investigates how changes in U.S. social welfare and educational policies have evolved since the 1970s, in the midst of rising economic inequality, and how the changes have influenced American attitudes about government and participation in politics. In particular, she probes the impact of the proliferation of spending programs in the tax code; the changes in federal financial aid policies for college students; the weakening of other social programs; and the implementation of the new health care reform law enacted in 2010.
The Submerged State: How Invisible Government Policies Undermine American Democracy (University of Chicago Press, 2011). Explores the proliferation of social welfare policies invisible to most citizens because they are channeled through the tax code or subsidies to private organizations. Shows the challenges inherent in efforts to reform such policies, many of which primarily advantage vested interests and the affluent Americans; and suggests strategies helping citizens form views about these policies and take action to change them. The book’s introduction was featured in Salon.com.
"Eliminating the Market Middle-Man: Redirecting and Expanding Support for College Students" in Reaching for a New Deal: Ambitious Governance, Economic Meltdown, and Polarized Politics in Obama's First Two Years, edited by Theda Skocpol and Lawrence R. Jacobs (Russell Sage Foundation, 2011), 105-138. Examines how policymakers in 2009-10 achieved a twenty-year goal of terminating bank-based student lending and replacing it with direct lending, while enhanced Pell Grants and aid to community colleges fell short.
"The Transformed Welfare State and the Redistribution of Political Voice" in The Transformation of American Politics: Activist Government and the Rise of Conservatism, edited by Paul Pierson and Theda Skocpol (Princeton University Press, 2007), 191-222. Offers a broad overview of changes in U.S. social programs since World War II, and explores the impact on attitudes about government and social spending.
"American Political Development from Citizens’ Perspective: Tracking Federal Government’s Presence in Individual Lives over Time" (with ). Studies in American Political Development 21, no. 1 (2007): 110-30. Tracks shifts in federal social policies from the mid-nineteenth century to the present. Presents average benefit rates in real terms and in terms of percentages of the U.S. population covered. Demonstrates persistence of programs for American seniors, the atrophy of direct programs for younger Americans, and the expansion of policies channeled through the tax code.
Soldiers to Citizens: The G.I. Bill and the Making of the Greatest Generation (Oxford University Press, 2005). Shows how the generous education and training benefits for veterans of World War II not only enlarged opportunities for socio-economic advancement, but also promoted more active civic engagement among the beneficiaries. Contrasts the “virtuous circle” between generous social provision and vibrant democracy in the post-war era to the more anemic links in recent decades.
- "How Higher Ed Contributes to Inequality," Interview with Dana Goldstein, The Atlantic, April 9, 2014.
- "Equalizers No More: Politics Thwart Colleges' Role in Upward Mobility," Chronicle of Higher Education, March 3, 2014.
- "College, the Great Unleveler," Opinionator, New York Times, March 1, 2014.
- "We are the 96 Percent" (with ), New York Times, September 24, 2012.
- "Obama’s Forgotten Triumphs," Salon, October 15, 2011.
- "Our Hidden Government Benefits," New York Times, September 19, 2011.
- "20,000 Leagues under the State," Washington Monthly, June 28, 2011.
Talks and Briefings
- "Degrees of Inequality," panel discussion, New American Foundation in collaboration with The Century Foundation, Washington, DC, March 27, 2014.
- "Who Perceives Government’s Role in Their Lives? How Policy Visibility Influences Awareness of and Attitudes about Social Spending," GAGE Colloquium, Miller Center of Public Affairs, University of Virginia, October 7, 2011.